In many cases fairy tales are the first form of literature that a person encounters. Presumably, this is also the reason why fairy tales have a special place among stories and are passed on from generation to generation. Fairy tales are actually quite simply constructed, both stylistically and linguistically.
For this reason, fairy tales are great for learning creative writing and making their first literary attempts. If someone wants to write their own fairy tales, he can follow a fairly simple manual.
Write a guide to the fairy tale:
Of course, this guide does not replace the creative process and your own ideas, but contains the most important tips and basic rules that apply to fairy tales.
A fairy tale lives on a few figures. However, these figures are rather types and not elaborately constructed characters. This means that in a fairy tale the characters are reduced to their most important qualities, for example, a princess is beautiful, a king is wise, a stepmother is mean, or a dwarf insidious. As a rule, the reader does not learn more about the characters.
The same simplicity applies to the names of the characters. In fairy tales, the characters usually have no real name, but are called by explanatory name, for example, princess, stepmother, widow, farmer or tailor.
However, the characters share good and bad guys. Classically, the king, the protagonist of the fairy tale and the helpers are among the good guys, while the stepmother, step-siblings, witches and mythical creatures are the bad guys. In many fairy tales, the main character is also young, beautiful and at the beginning often poor, sad and alone.
In the course of the story, the main character then solves tasks and challenges, in the end to be rewarded for it, by turning everything for the better. The classic aids in solving the tasks are qualities such as courage, kindness or skill as well as often help from other living beings such as animals, good fairies or magicians.
The fairy tale writing is done with simple language.
This means the sentences are rather short and foreign words, irony or complicated subordinate sentence constructions are omitted. This is because fairy tales have been handed down only orally for a long time, and an elaborately embellished language would have made the lecturing and learning unnecessarily difficult.
Characteristic of fairy tales, however, are repetitions, which are probably also explained by oral tradition.
At the center of the repetitions is the number three. For example, in a family there are often three children, the main character as a child and two step-sisters, the main character has to solve three tasks, and even spells or formulas usually consist of three elements.
Good and evil
In addition, a fairy tale lives from the contrast between good and evil, which comes out very clearly. The characters in the fairy tale who are good are thoroughly good, while the bad guys are actually and abysmally evil.
The fight between good and evil also determines the overall structure of the fairy tale. A fairy tale is simply constructed, tells only one story and gets along completely without subplots.
Linking fantasy world and reality
Exact location information is largely dispensed with and the time information is quite inaccurate. The story focuses solely on the tasks that the main character solves, and always ends well, for example, by defeating the evil, experiencing or marrying the protagonist.
Another very important element in fairy tale writing is the combination of fantasy world and reality. A fairy tale plays in a world that the reader knows and can imagine. At the same time, however, a world of fantasy is embedded in this world, so that no reader is surprised that there are giants, witches, mythical creatures or talking animals.